2020年12月11日

通过: 道格拉斯·所罗门, 保罗·H·马泽

尽管有新的CDC 7天和10天隔离选项,但雇主在更改麻将下载政策之前仍应谨慎行事

戴手套的手拿着麻将下载小瓶  戴手套的手拿着麻将下载小瓶

2020年12月2日, 疾病预防与控制中心 (“CDC”) 发布了新的指南,该指南规定,在某些情况下,与密切检测该病毒呈阳性反应的个体密切接触可能暴露于麻将下载的个体(“Close Contact”), can take steps to reduce the length of a standard 14-day quarantine period. However, despite the simplified messaging associated with the media coverage on these new recommendations, the advice comes with significant caveats and stringent prerequisites. Employers must understand that the CDC still maintains that the safest course of action is for a 密切接触 to quarantine for 14 days. It is also important to note that the new recommendations concerning 密切接触s has no impact on the CDC ’先前发布了针对该病毒呈阳性反应的人的隔离指南。

疾病预防控制中心明确发布了这些新建议,部分是考虑到与14天检疫有关的巨大的经济,身体和精神健康负担。疾病预防控制中心认为,即使有严格的要求(需获得当地公共卫生当局的批准),如果它为人们提供缩短检疫隔离的选择,则公众可能会更愿意遵守其建议。此外,疾控中心也希望 较少的检疫期 将鼓励与地方政府的更多合作’联系人跟踪工作。

但是,雇主必须了解,这些新建议伴随着检疫后传播的风险增加,并且是基于2020年11月可获得的最佳信息。因此,疾病预防控制中心保留对不断发展的科学进行监测并在其建议中重新考虑其建议的权利。时间。

因此,由于允许雇员早于14天检疫期返回工作场所所固有的风险增加,雇主在决定是否更改其当前的麻将下载政策时应谨慎行事。

什么是CDC推荐?

疾病预防控制中心 generally recommends that 密切接触s should quarantine for 14 days after his/her last contact with the COVID positive individual. During that quarantine period, potentially exposed individuals should watch for a fever (100.4 F), cough, shortness of breath or other symptoms of 新冠肺炎 identified by the CDC .

疾病预防控制中心’s 14-day quarantine period is based on the estimates of the upper bounds of the 新冠肺炎 incubation period. 疾病预防控制中心 estimates that the post-quarantine transmission risk is between 0.1% and 3% for an individual that ends his/her quarantine after 14 days. By recommending that 密切接触s quarantine, the CDC is seeking to reduce the risk that infected persons may unknowingly transmit the virus to others.

减少14天隔离期的选项

While stressing that the CDC still endorses its recommendation to quarantine for 14-days, the CDC now provides for two additional options by which 密切接触s can shorten their quarantine periods:

  1. 10天隔离-没有测试
    A 密切接触 can conclude his/her quarantine after 10 days (instead of 14 days) without testing if the individual experiences no 新冠肺炎 symptoms during his/her daily monitoring. 疾病预防控制中心 notes that this approach still comes with risk. 疾病预防控制中心 estimates that that post-quarantine transmission risk for an individual that ends quarantine after 10 days is between 1% and 10%.
  2. 7天检疫– With Testing
    A 密切接触 can conclude his/her quarantine after only 7 days if the 密切接触 receives a negative 新冠肺炎 test result and has not experienced any 新冠肺炎 symptoms during daily monitoring. The specimen that is tested should be collected and tested within 48 hours before the time that the individual plans on concluding his/her quarantine.

According to the CDC , the post-quarantine transmission risk for a 密切接触 that ends quarantine after 7 days is higher than for a 10-day quarantine, i.e., between 5% and 12%.

尽早完成隔离的附加要求

除了分别对7天和10天检疫期的要求外,疾病预防控制中心强调,要在第14天之前结束检疫,还必须满足以下要求:

  • 在整个隔离期间,个人没有任何症状。
  • 在第14天之前,该人将继续监视其症状。
  • 建议个人严格遵守所有CDC’建议的非药物干预措施(“NPI”) through Day 14. These 非营利组织’s include:

-正确,一致地使用口罩,
-社交隔离,
-手和咳嗽卫生,
-环境清洁和消毒,
-避开人群,以及
-确保个人在室内通风良好的地方。

雇主应否更改其当前的麻将下载政策?

届时,所有雇主都应拥有一份书面麻将下载政策,并已分发给其员工。除了制定雇主已采取的基本的感染预防措施外,该政策还应制定明确的协议,如果员工需要基于紧密接触进行隔离,或者因经历过COVID而需要自我隔离,则必须遵循这些协议19病毒症状和/或测试呈阳性。

在雇主考虑为可能受到感染的个人更改其当前的14天检疫期限之前,需要记住的是,将14天检疫仍是最大程度地减少检疫后传播的最安全选择。考虑到这一点,如果雇主希望降低当前的14天检疫要求,则应考虑潜在的风险。要关注的主要风险是,与等待整整14天相比,将员工遣返10天或低至7天,将麻将下载传播给您的员工和客户的风险更高。

In addition to this added risk of transmission, the Employer that permits a 密切接触 to return after a shortened quarantine period also needs to have confidence that the employee will strictly adhere to all of the CDC ’建议的其他要求,例如在社交上与其他工人保持距离并始终戴上口罩。如果雇主担心员工’遵守这些准则的能力,或自身执行CDC的能力’根据其建议,它可能希望延迟对14天隔离区进行任何更改,并等待CDC的进一步指导。

底线

雇主应借此机会审查其麻将下载政策和惯例,并确保其与该法律迅速发展领域的许多变化保持一致。有关此问题以及麻将下载大流行导致的其他法律发展的更多信息,请联系 道格拉斯·所罗门(Esq)。,公司合伙人兼董事长’s OSHA实践小组 通过 电子邮件  or 保罗·马泽(Paul Mazer),Esq。 这里  or 973-533-0777.

标签: GENOVA BURNS LLC道格拉斯·所罗门(Douglas E.保罗·H·马泽新冠肺炎隔离CDC

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